An Account on the Heritage and Historical Reckoning of lswar Sri Sri Hati Satra


About 350 years from now the first disciple of the great guru from western region, Narayan Das Thakur Ata, His great grandson Kanu Burha Thakur founded 'Abode of God or lswar Sri Sri Hati Satra. The following is the tree of Kanu Burha Thakur’s family:


Narayan Das Thakur Ata

Parbananda Thakur

Japtananda Thakur

Sibananda Thakur

Ramananda Thakur



Krishnaram Thakur


Kanu Burha Thakur


Kanu Burha Thakur hailed from a place called Nalana and so he is popularly known as Kanu Burha Thakur of Nalana. He stayed at Barpeta Satra and occasionally took part in the initiation process of Vaisnavism to aspiring ones. We have information of Satras founded by him on the north bank of the River Brahmaputra. He set up a satra on the north bank of the Brahmaputra at Sualkuchi also. People liked to call this satra as 'Hut of Thakur'. Along with the Prayer Hut’ the Thakur herein set up the colony of the celibates and so at the passing of time this Satra was named as Hati Satra.


Though Kanu Burha Thakur’s date of birth yet to be authenticated, at the time of the third Sattriya of Barpeta Satra, Gopal Mishra, Kanu Burha Thakur was there and as a proof by the side ofthe Head Hut, Kanu Burha Thakur’s hut is also there as an added attraction. Barpeta Satra was established in 1583. ln 1594 A.D. Mahapurush Madhabdeva bestowed upon Mathura Das Burha Ata gave the charge of three kingdoms (Triloka) at Bhela. After reigning for 47 years Mathura Das Burha Ata gave the charge to the congregation and went to his heavenly abode at 1641. Thereafter Gobardhan Ata ascended to the Head Seat for short span of time. But at the request of Sri Sankardev’s grandson Chaturbhuj Thakur, he has to vacate it for Gopal Mishra, a relative of Ram Ram Thakur. This might have occurred in 1645-50, from which it is evident that during that time Kanu Thakur was connected with Barpeta Satra. As an eligible person he was authorized for religious initiation process. As a consequence, there was the foundation of the ‘Hut of Thakur’ or Ishwar Sri Sri Hati Satra at Sualkuchi. This may occurred in an auspicious moment in between 1660-1670; but to ascertain the date there must be some research regarding this.


As heresy goes, once Kanu Thakur while sailing by the Brahmaputra, stopped at Sualkuchi to speak to few people and coming to know their religious inclinations, he anchored his boat at the ghat and had enough stimulus to set up “worship hut” or ‘Thakur‘s hut‘ or lswar Sri Sri Hati Satra. There is a saying, Got one acre land from Hapai Khaiti and set up there that of celibate Hati'. After the foundation of the Hati by Thakur, one Manmath Atoi, a resident of the same village, came to live with him. After sometime Kanu Thakur handed the charge of the Hati to Manmath Atoi and went to live at Sundari Satra till he attained Nirvana. Assuming the charge of the Head Sattriya, Manmath Atoi worked diligently to convert the ‘worship hut’ into a full-fledged Satra. The public joined hand in constructing Prayer Hall. Bhajghar (hall with a curved root) and celibates colony.


People believe that Manmath Atoi hailed from Sualkuchi Saru Satra area, but seems to be from obscure origin. Gakul Atoi is from the acclaimed family of Madhab Chandra Bhagabati of Sualkuchi, whereas Nakul Atoi is from the Choudhury family. Kala Kanu is from Thakur Ata clan. Since Ramnidhi Mahanta to the present one all Sattriyas are from Porhiya family.


Parhiya Madhab Atoi














 (From ‘Parhiya Madhab Atar Charit’ ed. Maheswar Neog)


According to the above data Ramnidhi Mahanta is the 5th generation of Parhiya Ata and he is the 5th Sattriya of Hati Satra also. One Satriya’s tenure is 30 years, from this it can be mathematically derived that the Ishwar Sri Sri Hati Satra was set up 120 years before Ramanidhi assumed the charge of Head Sattriya. Murari Atoi, second generation of Pariya Madhab and Kanu Burha Thakur might be contemporary. However, these facts are yet to be ascertained by scientific research.


Construction Work of the Satra:


The building complex was planned by Manmath Atoi, who started constructing Prayer Hall, Bhajghar, colony for celibates, worship hall etc. The later Sattriyas did much for the conservation and renovation of these buildings. The 7th Sattriya, Budram had been tireless in such maneuvers and scaled a new height. The omniscient could accomplish whatever he wished to. His revolutionary touch is still evident in the heritage buildings. In the walls of the Prayer hall some wood-cut reliefs based on Bhagavata, Ramayana, Mahabharata, Garur Purana gives proof of artististic , sculptural and architectural excellence. The northern doorway, five Bakra-Shiva in the west-eastern side of the Prayer Hall and the idol of Narayana reclining in the lap of Eternity — these exquisite images add unique dimension to beauty. The southern wall was constructed with cement-concrete, in which there is another relief depicting the punishment awarded to sinners at Yamaloka. The present Sattriya Sri Bhagneswar Atoi, with the assistance of Soneswar Atoi and the religious congregation some of the old buildings have been reconstructed keeping everything intact. In the tenure of Santa Budram Mahanta some other buildings, such as, conference hall,

store, gateway, digging of pond, erection of walls, were also being constructed. The 8th Sattriya,  Lakshmikanta Mahanta, besides assisting the Head Sattriya, did his best in acquiring landed property from neibouring area. In his time brick wall was erected around the pond. The 9th Sattriya, Madhab Chandra Mahanta concrete fortification work in the southern side of the Satra was initiated; idols of Joy-Bijoy, Hanuman-Jatayu and captivating image of Peacock were also built. In his days the Satra received electric power supply. Deputy Sattriya, Soneswar Atoi’s name is also méntionworthy for his initiatives in constructing the Daul Mandir, doorways of the east and westem side and some renovation work and setting up a branch at Betkuchi area of Guwahati. New construction of library, guest house and auditorium has been going on with fund from the state government.


The Financial side of the Satra:


Following the ideals of the Guru the satttra was autonomous and financialiy effluent. The Satra was self-sufficient with paddy, all sorts of pulses, all kinds of fruit trees, fish and diary productions. The Satra could run on its own income. Some entrepreneurs of Sualkuchi received financial aid from the Satra to start their own business. That glory of the Satra is a matter of past now. The present condition of it is very pathetic. The development of the Sartra will come to a stand-still if the government and the public stop to cooperate.


Daily Proceeding of the Satra:


From the time of inception there is a tradition of prayer of fourteen time. In addition to that prayer for the two great gurus, prayer for the Burha Ata, incarnation day celebration of the two great gurus, prayers for Ata, Janmastami, Daul, Karbhar (tax-collection) session, festivals of Thakurs, celebrations of death anniversary, group prayes have been traditionally observed. The fourteen prayers of this Satra are as follows:


Morning Prayers

1. Jagarana (Awakening)

2. Chalana (Movement)

3. Morning Bhatima

4. Prasanga

5. Patha


Afternoon Prayers

6. Patha (Reading)

7. Prasanga

8. Bargeet


Evening Prayers

9. Gunamala

10. Lilamala

11. Gurubhatima

12. Bargeet

13. Prasanga

14 Patha (Reading)


This Satra though follows the model of Prasanga of the Barpeta Satra there is room for flexibility. Along with the forteen prasanga, this satra ofiers training in sattriya culture, such as, Drama-Ankia Bhaona, Naam-Prasanga, Thio Naam. Besides this in the domahis of Bohag and Magh, there is a convention of Charit Tola.


The Office-Bearers of the Satra:


1. Burha Sattriya: Head of the Satra, head of all other affairs, offers religious initiation and other religiosity.


2. Deka Sattriya: Authorized to offer initiation outside the Satra, and to communicate with the government and public for the upliftment of the Satra.


3. Celibate Devotees: Perform religious duties like lighting of the Guru Banti, preparation of offerings and taking part in the Naam-prasanga.


4. Bhagavati: His duty is to study and interpret religious and other texts.


5. Gaayan-Baayan: Main duties are to take part in Khol-prasanga, prayer songs, and drama-playing.


6. Deuri: Assists in preparing things for offering.


7. Pachoni: Messenger, who carries messages to disciples of the Satra.


Ishwar Sri Sri Hati Satra is able to hold its head high with self-esteem and glory and without any patronization from the government. This institution not only provides a fresh lease of life to spirituality, it also doing its best to conserve and circulate the ideals of the great Guru. It also contributes significantly to education sector. Let us all join hands and whole-heartedly contribute to the progression of this great institution. 

Our Satradhikar's

Lt. Kanuram Burha Thakur

Founder of Ishwar Shree Shree Hati Satra

Lt. Nakul Atoi

3rd Sattriya

Lt. Haijoy Mahanta

6th Sattriya

Lt. Madhab Chandra Mahanta

9th Sattriya

Lt. Manmath Atoi

1st Satriya

Lt. Kala Kanu Thakur

4th Sattriya

Lt. Budram Mahanta

7th Sattriya

Sri Bhagneswar Mahanta

Senior (Burha) Satradhikar
10th Sattriya (the present one

Rajib Lochan Shanta

Deka (Young) Satradhikar

Lt. Gakul Atoi

2nd Sattriya

Lt. Ramnidhi Mahanta

5th Sattriya

Lt. Lakshmikanta Mahanta

8th Sattriya

Lt. Soneshwar Atoi


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